If...the automotive industry does not have engineering plastics? impossible!
Engineering plastics have changed the automotive industry and will continue to have a huge impact on future cars. In the 1950s, plastic accounted for 1% of the value of automobiles. Today, plastics account for nearly 35%. By 2030, this number is expected to grow to 50%, as designers have found more places to apply plastics in power systems, interiors, exteriors, engine systems, etc. They can convert metal to plastic, weight Reduce 40% to 50%. Although the weight reduction at the level of a single component may be small, the cumulative effect is significant. To help you imagine a world in which plastics are not used at all, let's look at an example calculation of the cumulative effects of a lighter vehicle.
Engineering plastics - environmentally friendly
Medium-sized cars weigh an average of 1.5 metric tons. By weight, plastics in cars now account for about 10% to 12%. Let's assume that the vehicle is made of 12% plastic, so parts made of plastic are 45% lighter. Engineering plastics enable a medium-sized vehicle to save up to 150 kilograms of weight, which is equivalent to reducing fuel consumption by 0.75 liters/100 kilometers and reducing CO2 emissions by about 15 grams per kilometer.
Save fuel for nearly 40,000 swimming pools
Let us now weigh down on the 1 billion passenger cars on the global road. The weight/fuel savings combination of these vehicles can be achieved with an average distance of 13,000 kilometers per vehicle and an annual savings of 97.5 billion litres of fuel, which is enough to fill nearly 40,000 Olympic-sized swimming pools.
The forest area is about five times that of Guangdong Province
The reduction in carbon dioxide emissions is also large. This collective fuel savings results in a reduction of 19.5 billion kilograms of carbon dioxide per year, equivalent to the total amount of carbon dioxide emitted by the 29.2 million households per year. In the absence of plastic in the car, 930,000 square kilometers of forest is needed to isolate the extra carbon dioxide produced by fuel emissions. The forest area is twice that of California, three times that of Italy, five times that of Guangdong Province, and it is South Korea. Nine times the area.
Safety properties of engineering plastics
In addition to the significant contributions of engineering plastics in reducing vehicle weight and fuel consumption, they also help us improve vehicle safety through new safety features, reduced component failures and improved electrical performance, as today's cars are nearing complete Electronic fully automated vehicle.
Engineering plastics weight reduction target
DSM's product portfolio includes a wide range of material grades designed for specific conditions in a variety of automotive applications. For chain tensioners, MTD parts, gears, charge air cooler end caps, turbine ducts, front end modules, firewalls and pedals, DSM materials help designers significantly reduce weight while still withstanding Extreme use conditions. This includes high temperature resistance, humidity and chemicals without loss of material grade performance. DSM's new generation of materials, the proposed solution will help to further reduce vehicle weight, and original equipment manufacturers strive to achieve an average reduction of 200 kg in vehicle weight required to meet the 2025 emissions target.
Arnitel ® HT for air ducts
Arnitel ® HT increases the long-term operating temperature of the high temperature resistant TPC to 175 ° C and the peak temperature to 190 ° C. DSM uses Arnitel ® HT TPC material solutions to help automakers create innovative, one-piece flexible hot booster tubes that enable one-step molding of production processes, which not only greatly increases productivity but also reduces production costs by approximately 50 %, weight loss of up to 40%. At the same time, the risk of deformation, leakage and disengagement of the hot booster tube during engine operation is greatly reduced, bringing a new standard for flexible supercharged hot air intake pipes for the automotive industry.
Stanyl ® and Akulon ® for turbine components
Stanyl ® maintains its high rigidity at temperatures up to 160 ° C, making it ideal for high-temperature, high-performance, high-torque transmissions, which outperform PPA, PA6T, and PA9T in this application. Better than PPS and LCP;
Xytron ® for cooling pump impellers, etc.
Xytron ® is a high performance plastic compound based on polyphenylene sulfide. Xytron® offers extreme chemical resistance, dimensional stability, intrinsic flame retardancy, high stiffness, glass transition point (90 ° C), continuous use temperature of 240-260 ° C (reduced), melting point of 280 ° C. For many different applications, all the great attributes help to get great performance.
Akulon ® Fuel lock for CNG/H2 tanks (pressure tanks, hydrogen tanks)
Akulon ® Fuel lock PA6 is a lined CNG-IV compressed natural gas cylinder, making it possible to make smaller, smarter, safer and more efficient car cylinder systems, eliminating the car's "oil to gas" process. A major obstacle.